A pregnant rabbit builds a nest for her babies. She may have four or five litters of babies during a year, with five to eight kits in each litter. But rabbits have many predators, or other animals that hunt them, so many of the babies will not live to be adults.
This red-tailed hawk has caught a rabbit to eat.
What’s for dinner?
Rabbits look for food at night. During the day, they hide in their nests and sleep.
Plants, including vegetables, grasses, clover and even tree bark, are their favorite foods. Four sharp front teeth (two on the top, two on the bottom) help them bite through tough plant stems and leaves.
A wild rabbit eats quickly, then goes back to its safe nest. Next, it passes partly digested, or processed, food. It eats the soft droppings, which still have minerals important to the rabbit’s health. Then it passes the food again, usually outside its nest. The rabbit will not eat these hard, dry droppings.
Rabbits at home
Rabbits may seem cute and cuddly, but just like any other pet, each has its own personality. Some rabbits play more than others; some are easily startled and might run away or bite when they’re scared. Having a rabbit as a pet requires a commitment, or promise, to take care of the animal and spend time with it.
Some people like to keep rabbits outdoors in a rabbit hutch, or cage. However, experts suggest that pet rabbits be kept indoors to keep them safe from other animals and bad weather.
Indoor rabbits need a cage with a litter box. They can be trained to use the litter box just like a cat.
Rabbits should be let out of the cage to play, but experts say they should be supervised while they’re out. They like to play early in the morning and in the late afternoon.
Some rabbits chew on things they shouldn’t, such as carpet, electrical cords or baseboards, where the wall meets the floor. Make sure you watch them when they’re out of their cage!